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Saturday, October 4, 2008


Posted by coffee


The oldest-known species of coffee tree, the high-grown species, cultivated on mountainous plateaux or volcanic slopes at optimum altitudes of 1000-2000 m / 3,280-6,561 ft, where the annual rainfall ranges fro 150-200 cm / 59-78 in, where mild days alternate with cool nights in a yearly average temperature range about 15-24 oC / 59-75 oF. It is flowering after the rainy season, and require up to nine months for the fruit to mature. Yearly, the Arabica may produce less than 5 kg / 11 lb of fruit, which down to about 1 kg / 2.2 lb after processed in to actual coffee beans. Much of the Arabica harvest around the world is washed, or wet-processed, and the beans, are generally larger, longer, flatter, contain less caffeine, more delicate, and acidic flavor than the Robusta.
Of the many varieties of arabica, the typica and bourbon are the most distinct and the best known. From those two varieties come other strains such as kent, mokka, the Brazilian hybrid mondo nuevo, tico, Jamaican Coffee or the Blue Mountain, and other else. About 70 percent coffee in the world are arabica, though it is more difficult to grow, susceptible to disease, pets and frost. That's why it is not surprisingly more expensive than the other species.

Also known as Canephora species, is very different from the arabica. It is robust in taste as it is in its resistance to diseases and pets. But the flavor of this species its not desirable as arabica does. It is about less than 30 percent of the world's coffee production. And its more cheaper in price. Robusta's commercial use is primarily in blends, where its full body is appreciated, and in soluble, or instant coffee, where the processing reduces its more obtrusive flavor.
The robusta is more easy to grow. And most of the world's robusta comes from west and Central Africa., South-east Asia, and Brazil, where it grows in altitudes from sea-level up to 700 m / 2,296 ft. Withstand heavier tropical rainfalls of 300 cm / 118 in ore more and grows well at 24 - 30 oC / 75 - 86 oF. Most common varieties are Conilon, Java-ineac, Nana, Kouilou and congensis.

The most famous typica mutation was first discovered in the Maragogype region of Brazil's state of Bahia. Maragogype trees produce the world's largest coffee beans. Sometime called "elephant" beans. The Maragogype beans are grown in several countries and are a sought-after coffee for their smooth flavor as well as attractive appearance. Maragogype trees are expensive to maintain because their yield is low.


Maria said...

Nice article, I love it.
Robusta is added in many espresso blends, for an extra caffeine kick, and to enhance the amount of crema.
I love Maragogype coffee, the taste is so smooth, yet very distinctive.

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